ABITURPRÜFUNG 2001                         Arbeitszeit: 180 Minuten
     als Grundkursfach

                              Textaufgabe I

                           A PRINCELY PIONEER
        Once upon a time  there was a prince who unwisely confided to the 
     media that while tending his beloved garden,  he often talked to his
     plants.  He also warned his future subjects  about losing touch with
     their natural surroundings and their rich cultural heritage. But the
 5   people scoffed and said it was the fuddy-duddy Prince who was out of
     touch.  And as for talking  to his plants - well,  they shook  their  
     heads  and remembered  the madness  of the Prince's  forebear,  King
     George III,  who famously struck up a conversation  with a tree that
     he had mistaken for the King of Prussia. 
10      These days  Britain's Prince of Wales  is still considered  a tad		 
     eccentric:  after all who in his right mind would have lost the love
     of the fairytale Princess Diana?  But increasingly, Charles is winn-
     ing applause  for his not-so-crazy campaign to combat  what he calls
     "the wanton  destruction  that has  taken  place ... in  the name of
15   progress."  For 30 years  the Prince has been  in the  forefront  of
     efforts  to promote kinder,  gentler farming methods; protect  Brit-
     ain's countryside  from urban sprawl;  improve city langscapes;  and
     safegard  the nation's architectural  heritage.  And whereas his was
     once a lonely if plummy voice  crying in the wilderness,  the Prince
20   has seen many of his once maverick opinions become mainstream.
        Charles is not the first royal  concerned about nature.  Mad King
     George  dabbled in botany  when  he wasn't losing  his  mind  or the 
     American colonies, and Charles' father,  the Duke of Edinburgh,  has 
     long suported wildlife causes.  But it is Charles who has become the 
25   crusader,  with a vision of Britain that may border on  the romantic 
     but is in synch with Britons  alarmed by what is  happening to their
     green  and pleasant land.  He has  the energy  and dedication to get
     things done.  "My problem,"  he has said,  "is that I become carried 
     away by enthusiasm  to try  and improve  things,  and also feel very 
30   strongly that  the only way  to progress  is by setting examples and 		 

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     then hoping others will eventually follow." 
        An example  people are following is organic farming, with Charles 
     has adopted  wholeheartedly  on his  own farmlands  in the  Duchy of
     Cornwall  and surrounding  his country home  at Highgrove in western
35   England.  Charles  once noted  that when he decided  to go  organic,
     which means  forswaring artificial fertilizers  and pesticides,  the 
     experts  were very polite,  "but what  they were  saying  about this 
     latest demonstration of insanity  once they were  out of earshot can
     only  be surmised."  Today the  experts have been  confounded1.  The  
40   duchy's Home Farm near Highgrove is 100% organic  and highly profit-		 
     table and serves as a model for farmers around the country at a time 
     when farm incomes are falling and organic produce is in high demand,
     fetching premium prices in shops and supermarkets.
        Charles is throwing  himself into  another  pioneering project: a
45   radical way to meet Britain's need for new housing. Appalled by sub-		 
     urban developments  made up of identical boxlike dwellings  that eat 
     into the countryside, the Prince is creating a model township called
     Poundbury on duchy land  adjoining the town of Dorchester,  south of 
     Highgrove.The houses - 220 so far,with an additional 2,280 planned -
50   are not identical  but come in different sizes  and styles  that pay 
     homage to traditional English architecture  and materials.  Some are 
     privately owned, others government subsidized. All are highly energy
     efficient.  The town layout  prefers people  over cars:  front doors 
     give onto streets that are safer for children  because the roads are
55   too winding to allow cars to speed. A 1998 British government report
     cited Poundbury  as an example for  future developments  because its 
     efficient  use of space  permits  a higher population density,  thus
     fighting sprawl.  As a skeptical  journalist  noted  after  tourning
     Poundbury, "the Prince of Wales has got it right."
                                               From: TIME, April-May 2000

     1 to confound s.b.: here: to prove s.b. wrong


WORKSHEET: A Princely Pioneer

                                                        maximum number of 
                                                        points attainable 
  I. Questions on the text

     Read all the questions first, then answer them
     in the given order.
     Use your own words as far as is appropriate.

     1. How did the British public view Prince Charles in the past   
        and what were the reasons for this view?                       10

     2. To what extent has the Prince's image changed? (Refer to         
        lines 10-20.)                                                  10
     3. How has Charles influenced British farming?                    10

     4. Describe the characteristic features of Poundbury. Why has         
        Charles launched this project and how has it been received?    20
     5. What is the writer’s personal attitude towards the Prince         
        and his activities? Examine in detail how this attitude
        is conveyed.                                                   20
     6. What use of a literary genre does the writer make in the        
        first paragraph and to what effect?                            10

 II. Composition                                                       40 

     Choose  o n e  of the following topics.
     Write about 120 to 150 words.

     1. "Saving the planet starts at home." Discuss.   

     2. Cities are sometimes called "urban jungles". Is this    
        characterization justified?

III. Translation                                                       40 

     Translate the following text into German:     


                                                         PLEASE TURN OVER

          The British public has taken against genetically modified crops 
       in a big way.  Activist suproot them  and supermarkets attempt not   
       to furnish  their  customers  with them.  This week  the Prince of 
       Wales  came out against them  for the  umpteenth time,  a piece of
       non-news  that still  managed to provoke  headlines throughout the
          Europeans have in general been more skeptical about genetically
       modified crops than Americans, who have so far swallowed the idea, 
       and the food, with relatively few qualms.  And among the Europeans 
       the Brits  have been particularly adamant in their refusal to have
       anything  to do  with such things.  The recent history  of British
       agricultural  politics - the killing of millions of cows  for fear
       that their increasing madness was spreading  into the population -
       fas left the public distrustful of "unnatural" tinkering  with the
       food chain. The prince says that he wants us to reject all genetic
       modification  and  instead  "work with nature  for the  benefit of 
                                             From: Newsweek, 14 June 1999