ABITURPRÜFUNG 1999                         Arbeitszeit: 180 Minuten
      als Grundkursfach

                                Textaufgabe II

        Nobody in  Bienvida´s class  at school  ever  had  tea.  They had 
     crisps  or chocolate biscuits  and cans of drink  when they got home 
     from school,  but not tea,  not  the kind  of thing  she got  at her 
     grandmother´s.  Bienvida knew nothing  of the  English  tradition of 
 5   tea,  bread and butter  and sandwiches,  biscuits and cake and a pot 
     of tea served at four o´clock.  She was too young to have read about 
     it and no one  had told her,  but she sensed,  when she  had read at 
     Lilac Villa1,  that this was  how things should be,  had used to be,
     and was something  surely  specially  apprpriate  for people of  her 
10   age when they got home at four.
        Other things at  Cecilia´s Bienvida  also much  approved of.  She 
     was a  child  who  liked  washing  her hands  before meals,  perhaps 
     because  she had never been  told to do so.  She liked sitting  in a 
     clean room,  at a table with  a cloth on it,  or on the chintz sofa, 
15   watching Neighbours2  on her  grandmother´s  television.  She  liked 
     talking with Cecilia,  though much of what she said to her was lies. 
        Bienvida  told the lies less for her  own protection than for her 
     mother´s.  And in the hope of making  Cecilia happy  and  making her 
     believe existence at Cambridge School3 was orderly and smooth-running 
20   and what Cecilia herself would call decent.  So when her grandmother 
     asked her,  putting the question  optimistically,  as one  expecting 
     the answer ´yes´,if Jasper4 was attending school regularly, Bienvida 
     replied that he was.
        "Hedoes go to school, doesn´t he, Bienvida?"
25      "Yes, of course he does,"  Bienvida said with as much earnestness 
     as she could muster. 
        "Because he´s  a clever boy  and  he  needs  education."  Cecilia 
     hesitated,  went on  vaguely,  "He  would  need it  even  more if he 
     weren´t clever, but I´m sure you know what I mean."
30      Bienvida, eating homemade sponge cake, butter-iced5 and scattered 
     with chocolate vermicelli6,  said she did know. She sat very upright 
     at the table,  enjoying the soapy smell of her clean hands.

                                                         PLEASE TURN OVER 

                                    - 2 -    

        "I expect you go to bed at the same time,  don´t you, even though 
     he is two years older than you?"
35      This time  Bienvida  did not have to lie.  She replied  that this 
     was true,  they did go to bed  at the same,  forbearing to7 add that 
     it was seldom before eleven and might be at midnight.  Rather grace- 
     fully,  she chanced the subject  by asking if she could have another 
     piece of cake,  another  piece of  this  delicious cake,  a grown-up 
40   adjective which made her grandmother smile.  
        Cecilia,  in spite of  the smile,  felt miserable  and ashamed of 
     herself.  It was very wrong, she had always maintained,  to question 
     innocent children  about  their  mode of life  behind their parents´ 
     backs.  If she had heard  of anyone else  doing it  she would deeply 
45   have  disapproved.  But  she could not  help herself.  She could not 
     help herself though she was not entirely,  or even halfway, deceived 
     by Bienvida´s lies.  She  even  knew  what  kind of lies  they were, 
     designed  to protect her  and Tina8 and keep them  happy  and caring 
     for one another, and she loved Bienvida even more for this. 
50      Knowing they  were lies should  have kept her  from further ques- 
     tioning. It inhibited her  but  could not quite  stop her.  She felt 
     her way round  the burning question,  the one  that  might  have the 
     terrible answer,  she danced round it,  pouring  Bienvida  more weak 
     sugary tea,  plying her  with chocolate  chip  cookies.  It was  not 
55   possible for her  to ask this innocent  and gentle child, whose eyes 
     were too way  and too sad  for her age,  if her  mother´s  boyfriend 
     Billy was living with her and sharing her bed.  She could not ask it 
     and retain her self-respect.  
        It was  a  distance  of  no more than  two hundred  yards  to the 
60   School but Cecilia walked her home.  It was daylight,  it was on the 
     whole a ´nice´ district,  Cecilia thought  Bienvida an obedient girl 
     who would  remember about  not speaking to strangers,  but neverthe- 
     less  she walked home  to the School with her.  She always did.  She 
     had  read  too many  newspaper  accounts of  abducted  and  murdered 
     children,  seen  too much  evidence on the  television  of the peril 
     children were in.

                          From: Barbara Vine, King Solomon´s Carpet, 1991 

     1 Lilac Villa: name of Cecilia´s house
     2 Neighbours: title of a popular TV series
     3 Cambridge School:  a run-down Victorian  school bulding,  in which 
       Bienvida  lives  with  her  mother  and  her brother,  among other 
     4 Jasper: Bienvida´s elder brother
     5 butter-iced: covered with butter cream
     6 chocolate vermicelli:  hits of chocolate in the form of short thin 
     7 to forbear to do sth: to hold oneself back from doing sth
     8 Tina: Bienvida´s mother



                                                        maximum number of 
                                                        points attainable 
  I. Questions on the text

     Read all the questions first, then answer them
     in the given order.
     Use your own words as far as is appropriate.

     1. Describe the situation and the atmosphere at grandmother
        Cecilia´s home as presented in the first two paragraphs.
        What effect does the last sentence (11. 15/16) have on
        the reader?                                                    20 

     2. Characerize Bienvida as she is portrayed in this excerpt.
        Give evidence for your findings.                               20 

     3. Analyse Cecilia´s actitude and behaviour towards her
        granddaughter.                                                 20 

     4. What does the use of "does" and "doesn´t he" in line 24 and
        "did" in line 31 betray about Cecilia and Bienvida?            10 

     5. Show that the society presented in this text is undergoing
        disturbing changes.                                            10 

 II. Composition                                                       40 

     Choose  o n e  of the following topics.
     Write about 120 to 150 words.

     1. It is difficult to grow up in a permissive society.

     2. Living at home till you are pushing 30 - what do you
        think of this trend?

III. Translation                                                       40 

     Translate the following text into German:     


                                                         PLEASE TURN OVER 

        According  to experts  on  adolescent  development,  children now 
     spend significantly  less time in  the company  of adults  than they 
     did a few decades ago;  more of their time  is spent in front of the 
     television or with their peers  in unsupervised  environments.  Less 
 5   time with adults means less time  learning  from those who can serve 
     as valuable role models to youth.
        Working single parents  and families  in which  both parents work 
     make it  even less likely  that young people  will  be able  to seek 
     parental guidance  and advice  during  critical  after-school hours. 
10   The  double-income family  has added  a new  child  to society,  the 
     "latchkey" child1.  This child sometimes  leaves  an empty  house in 
     the  morning  and  almost always  returns  to  an  empty house.  The 
     emotional  and  educational  impact on  these children  is  just now 
15   beginning to be addressed and investigated.
        A lack  of mentors  and role models,  the working parent  and the 
     related latchkey  phenomenon - all reflect  the changing  social and 
     economic pressures affecting youth today.

                From:  Pacific Center for Violence Prevention, Preventing 
                       Youth Violence

     1 "latchkey" child:  a child  who has to carry a key,  because there 
       is no one at home when he or she returns from school